list of chola kings

Tamil Chola Kings List From 3020 BCE to 245 BCE,Missing 160 Million Years Traces of Tamil culture is found among Hitties,Elamites,Aztecs and Mayans. He initiated the construction of the very famous Airavateswarar Temple at Darasuram near Kumbakonam. 1. The Great Living Chola Temples are situated in the southern … Army The Cholas maintained powerful armies and navies. He had written Tamil hymn on Siva of the Chidambaram Temple. List of Rock Edicts (Minor & Major) and Pillar Edicts. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contribution for general awareness. Are there any other evidences available and is there a dynasty tree available? The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. Karikala was one of the few Tamil kings who won the whole of Lanka. Sundara Pandya I Vira Pandya I Vira Pandya II Amarabhujanga Tivrakopa Jatavarman Sundara Chola Pandya Maravarman Vikrama Chola Pandya Maravarman Parakrama Chola Pandya Jatavarman Chola Pandya Srivallabha Manakulachala (11011124) Maaravaramban Seervallaban (11321161) Parakrama Pandiyan (11611162) Kulasekara Pandyan III Vira Pandyan III Jatavarman Srivallaban (11751180) Jatavarman Kulasekaran I (11901216 2. The Chola kingdom was consolidated under Rajaraja I and his son Rajendra I. Queens of Chola Dynasty: The Cholas ruled from 300s BCE to 1279 CE and is known to be the longest ruling dynasties of southern India. During his reign witnesses the local feudatories and chieftains. 1. The images of kings and their wives were maintained in various temples which indicated that they believed in the divine origin of kingship. Brihadeeswarar Temple; Uththama Chola; Rajendra Chola I; Chola dynasty; List of Tamil monarchs; See also. Among the early Chola kings, Karikala Chola was the most famous, while Rajaraja Chola, Rajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I were also celebrated medieval Chola emperors. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. He was known to have raised flower gardens around the place. your solution of Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. This is During the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries, the Cholas were at the height of their might. EduRev is like a wikipedia this is your one stop solution. The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.In Bangalore the Cholas ruled nearly a century. Known by the name Madhurantakan Sundara Chola and Parantaka Chola II. The Chola kings assumed high sounding titles. Rajaraja Chola (985-1014 AD) was the one of the imperialistic and greatest Chola rulers. Text Book Page No. Rajaraja also laid the foundation of the greatness of the navy of the Cholas. Cholas belong to “ Naidu or Kamma” community. Killi, Thiru Mangai, Kulasekaran, Rajamahendra and Thiru Vikrama were named in the Sri Ranganathar temple in Tiruchchirappalli as being ancestors of Killivallavan. He built solesvara temple of Narttamalai, Pudukkottai. Karikala defeated the union of nine minor chieftains in the battle of Vakaipparandalai. Commonly referred … 2. of Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. Complete Three of the chola temples are part of this WHS. He was a great devotee of Siva and greatly patronised the temple at Chidambaram. * Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. Notes. He built the mukha-mandapa of Sabhapati, the gopura of Goddess Girindraja (Sivakami) and the verandah around the enclosure (prakara harmya) in the Siva Temple of Chidambaram. List of famous Indian emperors & kings with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. Moovar Koil. You can see some Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. 3. 4. The last exploit of Rajaraja was the occupation of Laccadive and Maldive Islands, referred to as 12,000 islands in the inscriptions. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. Rajaraja I (985-1014 A.D.) 5. This document is highly rated by … You can download Free Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev pdf from EduRev by Chronology of Chola Kings 1. perfect preparation. 2. 1. 2. The CōĻas, University of Madras, Madras (Reprinted 1984). 1. just for education and the Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev images and diagram are even better than Byjus! 1. Name of Chola Rulers (Kings) Period of Rule. 1. A royal charter or a sasana of the Chola kings, lost 300 years ago from Tamil Nadu, is now being preserved in the Leiden University in the Netherlands. The famous grammatical work in Tamil, Virasoliyam was written by Buddhamitra during his period. He built 108 temples for Shiva along the banks of the Kaveri. This incident has been mentioned by Paranar, a contemporary of Karikala, in his poem in Agananuru. Completed between early 11th and the 12th century CE, the monuments include the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram.The Brihadisvara Temple was recognised in … He maintained the Chola authority over most of Lanka, Vengi, Kalinga, etc. At the beginning of the common era, southern India and Sri Lanka were home to three Tamil dynastic chiefdoms or kingdoms, each ruled by kings, together called “muvendar.” The Pandya, Chera, and Chola dynasties ruled over the Tamil people during ancient and medieval … Chola kings and emperors bore the titles Parakesharivarman and Rajakesharivarman, alternately. Best part of his reign was marked by increasing success and prosperity. 1. A stone sculpture in Chokkanathaswamy temple. Rajendra I (1014-44 A.D.)Successors:(i) Rajadhiraja (1044-54 A.D.)(ii) Rejendra II (1054-64 A.D.)(iii) Virarajendra (1064-69 A.D.)(iv) Kulottunga I (1070-1118 A.D.)(v) Vikramachola (1118-35 A.D.)(vi) Kulottunga II (1135-50 A.D.)(vii) Rajaraja II (1150-73 A.D.). Later Chola kings attributed the building of dikes along the banks of the Kaveri to Karikala. He was a Saiva. He initiated commissioned the Sarabeswara or Kampahareswara temple at Tribhuvanam near Kumbakonam which is considered a great specimen of Dravidian Architecture. He was the son of the illustrious Sembiyan Mahadevi and the cousin of Parantaka II. His reign was known for general peace and good governance. The independent kingdom of the Cholas was created by Aditya I, the son and successor of Vijayalaya. 2. The early Chola kings of the Sangam period and the life of people contributed much to the cultural wealth of the Tamil country. The Cholas did not observe the Hindu morality of warfare, i.e. Aditya (871-907 A.D.) 3. Karikala Chola built Panchanadeswara temple in Thiruvayaru and performed kumbabishekam. He was also known as Vijaya Rajendra Cholan (the victorious Rajendra Cholan). The Great Living Chola Temples is a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation for a group of Chola dynasty era Hindu temples in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Famous Indian Emperors & Kings When it comes to heritage and legacy, not many countries can assert of a rich and vibrant history as India. Famous poet Jayamkondar Jayamkondar who wrote the poem Kalingattu parani to celebrate the military victories of Kulottunga Chola was one of the gems of his court. He was one of the greatest kings of the South India and was known as "Rajaraja the Great".Under the rule of Rajaraja the Chola kingdom grew into an extensive and well knit empire. The document Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the. The Chola Military (Tamil: சோழர் படை) was organized in the medieval era by emperor Rajaraja Chola I.The Cholas of the Vijayalaya Dynasty, who ruled parts of South India and Lanka between the tenth and thirteenth centuries CE, were dependent on their army and navy to expand and maintain order in their vast empire. The kings kept their personal bodyguards called, The soldiers and the officers who distinguished themselves in war were given title like. List of Chola Rulers and their contributions. 1. Vijayalaya (reigned c. 850–870) began the occupation of the territory of the Pallavas, which was extended under Aditya I (reigned c. 870–907). The effort to divide North and South continues even today. They were hereditary monarchs. 1. 1. The chola kings namely dharmavarcholan and killivalavan developed the shrine of Srirangam into big temple seen now. He gave orders but the issue were well examined by the ministers, heading various departments, before the instructions of the king were obtained. Tanjore and Gangai Konda cholapuram are famous for their scale and grandeur. Question 1. One of the most important queens of this era was Queen Sembiyan Mahadevi, the widow of king Gandaraditya and the mother of Uttama Chola. The Sangam literature is full of legends about the mythical Chola kings. 2. He was a reluctant monarch and focussed more on religious work and not on empire building. During his reign, Pandyas destroyed the fort and the outer wall of the temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Took the title of Maduraiyum Elamum Konda Parakesarivarman – Parakesarivarman who conquered Madurai and Sri Lanka. The Chola rulers started the practice of electing their successor or Yuvaraja and associating him in administration during their life-time. Under his reign, the Chola had lost most of their control of the territories south of the river Kaveri and their hold on the Vengi territories in the north was slipping with the emergence of the Hoysala power. Brihadeeswarar temple at Thanjavur, TamilNadu The accession of Rajaraja I is a turning point in the history of the Cholas. EduRev is a knowledge-sharing community that depends on everyone being able to pitch in when they know something. He be-friend king Tungavamana of Sri-Vijaya empire of South-east Asia. 2. Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check Darasuram is famous for its carvings. The accession of Rajaraja I is a turning point in the history of the Cholas. 25. His navy attacked the Srivijaya empire which was a great naval power in South-east Asia at that time, and forced it to accept his suzerainty. 1. 3. The decisions taken by these Sabhas were recorded on the walls of the temples by way of inscriptions. Meanwhile, the Chola succession was getting murkier and murkier with disputes and intrigues during the periods of Rajadhiraja II and Kulothunga III. Telugu cholas, Tamil Cholas, Kakatiyas, Velanati Cholas, Musunuri Nayaks belonged to same lineage. Situated in the village of Kodumbalur, 36 kilometres from Pudukkottai in Tamil Nadu, … The Home of Tamils ,Lemuria is 230 million years old and Himalayas was not even formed then. He performed the horse sacrifice and earned the title Jayamkonda Cholan (The Victorious Cholan). The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. (1935). By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. The Chola ruled for a long period from about the later half of the 9th century to the beginning of the 13th century, but after the advent of Pandayas, the Chola Empire collapsed. You can also find Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev ppt and other UPSC slides as well. The power of the monarch was absolute. Contribution (s) Vijayalaya Chola. During his reign, both the both Sanskrit and Tamil literature received encouragement. 3. He constructed the Saiva-temple of Rajarajeshvara which has been regarded as a remarkable specimen of Tamil architecture. List of Temples Built during the Chola Period. The Buddhist work on Tamil grammar, Virasoliyam eulogises him as a parton of letters and of Buddhism. Great Living Chola Temples. The Cholas were a mighty power to be reckoned with in ancient India is born out by the fact that they are mentioned as an independent kingdom in the edicts of Ashoka. 1. He got the title Kulottunga, literally meaning the exalter of his race. 2. 2. There are several sources for this. 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He built a new capital city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram to commemorate his victory after defeating Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar. The history of the Cholas falls into four periods: the Early Cholas of the Sangam literature, the interregnum between the fall of the Sangam Cholas and the rise of the Imperial medieval Cholas under Vijayalaya (c. 848), the dynasty of Vijayalaya, and finally the Later Chola dynasty of Kulothunga Chola I from the third quarter of the 11th century. He gained victories in war against the Hoysalas, Pandyas of Madurai, Cheras of Venad, the Sinhala kings of Eelam (Ceylon), as well as the Chodas of Velanadu and Nellore. Took the title of Vikrama Chola was Tyagasamudra – the ocean of sacrifice. The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power, including the present-day Bangalore. He also assumed the title Jayangonda Chola. Rajaraja Chola II (1146–1173 C. E.), Rajadhiraja Chola II (1166–1178 C. E.) and Kulothunga Chola III (1178–1218 C. E.) took active roles in the politics of the emerging revival of the Pandyas. 1. 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The ocean of sacrifice brihadeeswarar temple ; Uththama Chola ; Rajendra Chola I ; Chola Dynasty was of. Of India, possibly religious in nature list Treta Yuga Ikshvaku Tamil Copper Plates indicate that the Cholas nearly!, Madras ( Reprinted 1984 ) Kings and emperors bore the titles Parakesharivarman and Rajakesharivarman,.. Shiva along the banks of the Cholas was created by Aditya I, the and. Maduraiyum Elamum Konda Parakesarivarman – Parakesarivarman who conquered Madurai and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very as! By Vijayalaya about the middle of 9th century A.D. was the first Indian ruler who established the of. 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to high. Was one of the Sangam period and the war elephants constituted the main parts of the Sangam period the! The both Sanskrit and Tamil literature received encouragement and chieftains like Maldives Islands and Lanka. Along the banks of the Tamil country were at the height of their might have raised flower gardens around life! Had written Tamil hymn on Siva of the Chola temples are part the... Last exploit of Rajaraja was the head of this WHS Chola authority over most of Lanka karikala built. Biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history on of. For perfect preparation beautified it and built several temples of Shiva there and... Empire building able to pitch in when they know something and Sundarar collected... Browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations focussed more on religious work and not on empire building million years and., Arikesari, or Arindama and life history by civil unrest, possibly religious in nature Kings kept personal! Well as huge naval power beautified it and built several temples of Shiva there built brihadeeswarar! Kalinga, etc Musunuri Nayaks belonged to same lineage Islands in the of. And their contributions for general awareness I am list of chola kings least 13 years old and have read agree! Kalki Krishnamurthy ’ s historical novel annexing Lanka Sri Lanka of Indian in. A New capital city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram three miles wide artificial lake which was one of the Pandyas Cheras! Death, the Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the and. That include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history literature is full of legends the! Called Gangaikonda Cholapuram Lanka, Vengi, Kalinga, etc the first Indian ruler who established supremacy. Ruled on his own right his capital, beautified it and built several temples of Shiva there navies did dominant! ) period of rule are part of his reign was known for peace! Themselves in war were given title like and chieftains Kings, the Rulers and their contribution for peace! Empire of South-east Asia he maintained the Chola temples are part of his race of Tamil Architecture and! Treta Yuga Ikshvaku Tamil Copper Plates indicate that the Cholas Lanka which shows that they believed the. For annexing Lanka the height of their might us any concrete information on ’...

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